Fifth Party System (1930–1970): New Deal Coalition (Democrats) vs. Republicans Before the Third System (Civil War) and Fourth System (Progressive Era), executive power was in the hands of the Republicans most of the time. During this period, the Democratic Party was in power for a long time. The United States survived the Great Depression, won World War II, and fought against the Soviet Union internationally. At home, there was a surging civil rights movement, and people of color in the United States finally got equal rights in law.
The Great Depression in the U.S. economy and subsequent economic revitalization measures have loosened the traditional voting camp, and photo background removing various new issues and alliances have been formed one after another. Finally, the republic and the Democratic parties have changed their policies and gradually become the two major parties that you are familiar with today. . During the Great Depression in the early 1930s, the people lost confidence in the Republican laissez-faire economy and turned to the Democratic Party, which advocated big governmentism and hoped that the federal government would intervene in bailout plans and large-scale construction. Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt began to implement a series of "New Deals", and won the support of many originally incompatible voters, forming a strong New Deal Coalition.
This alliance, which allowed the Democratic Party to hold executive power for the next 30 years, also brought about a major adjustment to the US political party map. In order to save the high unemployment in the United States, the New Deal is basically a series of government economic and construction plans, using the resources of the federal government to do large-scale infrastructure construction to increase employment and stimulate economic activities, and radically reform the runaway Wall Street financial system. New Deal coalition supporters include: urban laborers, middle class, low-income households, socialists, unions, blacks, Jews, Catholics, farmers, liberal intellectuals, progressive Republicans, and Southern Democrats (also It was the white "lords" who were also vested interests because of the New Deal's Southern industrialization policies, and Roosevelt first promised not to undermine the South's segregation policies).